Gilgal (Gil´gal; Heb., “circle,” probably of stones)

1 Between Jericho and the Jordan, the Israelites’ first encampment after crossing the Jordan (Josh 3-4), which became Joshua’s base of operations. It was one of the places visited by Samuel on his yearly circuit (1Sam 7:16), and a number of the early traditions about Saul are set here (1Sam 11:14-15; 1Sam 13:4-7; 1Sam 8-15:4). This Gilgal is denounced by the eighth-century prophets as the site of a national sanctuary under royal patronage with a corrupt sacrificial cult (Hos 4:15; Hos 9:15; Hos 12:11; Amos 4:4; Amos 5:5; Mic 6:5). 2 Location associated with Elijah and Elisha (2Kgs 2:1-4; 2Kgs 4:38), probably about seven miles north of Bethel. 3 Place near Dor mentioned in the Hebrew text of a list of conquered Canaanite kings in (Josh 12:23) (LXX reads “Galilee” here instead).

Josh 3-4

Israel Crosses the Jordan
1Early in the morning Joshua rose and set out from Shittim with all the Israelites, and they came to the Jordan. They camped there bef ... View more

1Sam 7:16

16He went on a circuit year by year to Bethel, Gilgal, and Mizpah; and he judged Israel in all these places.

1Sam 11:14-15

14Samuel said to the people, “Come, let us go to Gilgal and there renew the kingship.”15So all the people went to Gilgal, and there they made Saul king before t ... View more

1Sam 13:4-7

4When all Israel heard that Saul had defeated the garrison of the Philistines, and also that Israel had become odious to the Philistines, the people were called ... View more

1Sam 8-15:4

Israel Demands a King
1When Samuel became old, he made his sons judges over Israel.2The name of his firstborn son was Joel, and the name of his second, Abijah; ... View more

Hos 4:15

15Though you play the whore, O Israel,
do not let Judah become guilty.
Do not enter into Gilgal,
or go up to Beth-aven,
and do not swear, “As the Lord lives.”

Hos 9:15

15Every evil of theirs began at Gilgal;
there I came to hate them.
Because of the wickedness of their deeds
I will drive them out of my house.
I will love them ... View more

Hos 12:11

11In Gilead there is iniquity,
they shall surely come to nothing.
In Gilgal they sacrifice bulls,
so their altars shall be like stone heaps
on the furrows of th ... View more

Amos 4:4

4Come to Bethel—and transgress;
to Gilgal—and multiply transgression;
bring your sacrifices every morning,
your tithes every three days;

Amos 5:5

5but do not seek Bethel,
and do not enter into Gilgal
or cross over to Beer-sheba;
for Gilgal shall surely go into exile,
and Bethel shall come to nothing.

Mic 6:5

5O my people, remember now what King Balak of Moab devised,
what Balaam son of Beor answered him,
and what happened from Shittim to Gilgal,
that you may know th ... View more

2Kgs 2:1-4

Elijah Ascends to Heaven
1Now when the Lord was about to take Elijah up to heaven by a whirlwind, Elijah and Elisha were on their way from Gilgal.2Elijah said t ... View more

2Kgs 4:38

Elisha Purifies the Pot of Stew
38When Elisha returned to Gilgal, there was a famine in the land. As the company of prophets was sitting before him, he said to ... View more

Josh 12:23

23the king of Dor in Naphath-dor

the king of Goiim in Galilee,

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.