The passing of property at the owner’s death to those entitled to succeed. The major rule for ancient Israel stated that if a man died without leaving a son, his property was transferred to his daughter. If he had no daughter, his property was assigned to his brothers. If he had no brothers, it was assigned to his father’s brothers. If there were none, the property was assigned to the nearest relative in his own clan (Num 27:8-11). There is a supplementary rule that required the daughter who inherited to marry into a family of her father’s tribe, preferably into the family of her father’s brothers (Num 36:6; Num 36:11). Biblical legislation also established the right of the firstborn to inherit a double portion of his father’s possessions, i.e., twice as much as that received by each of his brothers (Deut 21:17). It furthermore prohibited the father from conferring the right of the firstborn upon a younger son (Deut 21:16), which had been a prevalent practice in earlier times (Gen 21:10; Gen 27:37; Gen 48:18-20; 1Chr 5:1). In addition to its legal usage, the term “inheritance” is used in theological contexts to affirm the relationship between God and people (Deut 9:26; Deut 9:29; Jer 10:16; Ps 28:9; Gal 3:7-14). In the NT Jesus on one occasion refused to judge the rectitude of an unequal inheritance (Luke 12:13). He also told parables involving such bequests (Matt 21:38; Luke 15:12). The Pauline Letters speak of God’s kingdom or of salvation as inheritance (Eph 5:5; Col 3:24; Heb 9:15; 1Pet 1:4).

Num 27:8-11

8You shall also say to the Israelites, “If a man dies, and has no son, then you shall pass his inheritance on to his daughter.9If he has no daughter, then you s ... View more

Num 36:6

6This is what the Lord commands concerning the daughters of Zelophehad, ‘Let them marry whom they think best; only it must be into a clan of their father's trib ... View more

Num 36:11

11Mahlah, Tirzah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Noah, the daughters of Zelophehad, married sons of their father's brothers.

Deut 21:17

17He must acknowledge as firstborn the son of the one who is disliked, giving him a double portion of all that he has; since he is the first issue of his virili ... View more

Deut 21:16

16then on the day when he wills his possessions to his sons, he is not permitted to treat the son of the loved as the firstborn in preference to the son of the ... View more

Gen 21:10

10So she said to Abraham, “Cast out this slave woman with her son; for the son of this slave woman shall not inherit along with my son Isaac.”

Gen 27:37

37Isaac answered Esau, “I have already made him your lord, and I have given him all his brothers as servants, and with grain and wine I have sustained him. What ... View more

Gen 48:18-20

18Joseph said to his father, “Not so, my father! Since this one is the firstborn, put your right hand on his head.”19But his father refused, and said, “I know, ... View more

1Chr 5:1

Descendants of Reuben
1The sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel. (He was the firstborn, but because he defiled his father's bed his birthright was given to th ... View more

Deut 9:26

26I prayed to the Lord and said, “Lord GOD, do not destroy the people who are your very own possession, whom you redeemed in your greatness, whom you brought ou ... View more

Deut 9:29

29For they are the people of your very own possession, whom you brought out by your great power and by your outstretched arm.”

Jer 10:16

16Not like these is the Lord, the portion of Jacob,
for he is the one who formed all things,
and Israel is the tribe of his inheritance;
the Lord of hosts is hi ... View more

Ps 28:9

9O save your people, and bless your heritage;
be their shepherd, and carry them forever.

Gal 3:7-14

7so, you see, those who believe are the descendants of Abraham.8And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, declared the gospel ... View more

Luke 12:13

The Parable of the Rich Fool
13Someone in the crowd said to him, “Teacher, tell my brother to divide the family inheritance with me.”

Matt 21:38

38But when the tenants saw the son, they said to themselves, ‘This is the heir; come, let us kill him and get his inheritance.’

Luke 15:12

12The younger of them said to his father, ‘Father, give me the share of the property that will belong to me.’ So he divided his property between them.

Eph 5:5

5Be sure of this, that no fornicator or impure person, or one who is greedy (that is, an idolater), has any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.

Col 3:24

24since you know that from the Lord you will receive the inheritance as your reward; you serve the Lord Christ.

Heb 9:15

15For this reason he is the mediator of a new covenant, so that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance, because a death has occurred ... View more

1Pet 1:4

4and into an inheritance that is imperishable, undefiled, and unfading, kept in heaven for you,

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