Ithamar (Ith´uh-mahr)

The fourth and youngest son of Aaron (Exod 6:23). Ithamar’s priestly line continued to enjoy prominence, but not dominance, according to biblical writers, even after the fall of Jerusalem (1Chr 24:1-18). The two elder sons of Aaron died when presumptuously offering incense before the Lord, and the priestly succession thus devolved upon Eleazar and Ithamar (Lev 10:1-7). Kohathites who carried the Ark were subservient to Eleazar; Gershonites and Merarites who performed more menial duties were subservient to Ithamar (Num 4:1-33). The line of Eleazar is traced through Zadok, the line of Ithamar through Abiathar of Shiloh. Ezekiel recognized only the succession through Zadok, but the Chronicler recognized the validity of both priestly lines.

Exod 6:23

23Aaron married Elisheba, daughter of Amminadab and sister of Nahshon, and she bore him Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.

1Chr 24:1-18

Divisions of the Priests
1The divisions of the descendants of Aaron were these. The sons of Aaron: Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.2But Nadab and Abihu died ... View more

Lev 10:1-7

Nadab and Abihu
1Now Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, each took his censer, put fire in it, and laid incense on it; and they offered unholy fire before the Lord, ... View more

Num 4:1-33

The Kohathites
1The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:2Take a census of the Kohathites separate from the other Levites, by their clans and their ancestral h ... View more

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