The rituals practiced upon the death of a relative or national figure or in times of national crisis. Death was variously acknowledged by rending the clothes, dressing in sackcloth, shaving one’s hair, or cutting oneself (Gen. 38:34 Job 1:20
; Job 2:12-13
; 2Sam 13:31
; Mic 1:16
; Jer 16:16
; Ezek 27:30-31
; but see the prohibitions in (Lev 19:27-28
). Various mourning periods are specified in the narratives, ranging from seven days (Gen 50:10
), to three weeks (Dan 10:2
), to “many days” (Gen 37:34
). There are no specific instructions for mourning in the NT, although the custom of communal mourning for the dead did continue (Mark 5:38
; John 11:33
20Then Job arose, tore his robe, shaved his head, and fell on the ground and worshiped.
12When they saw him from a distance, they did not recognize him, and they raised their voices and wept aloud; they tore their robes and threw dust in the air up ... View more
31The king rose, tore his garments, and lay on the ground; and all his servants who were standing by tore their garments.
16Make yourselves bald and cut off your hair
for your pampered children;
make yourselves as bald as the eagle,
for they have gone from you into exile.
16I am now sending for many fishermen, says the Lord, and they shall catch them; and afterward I will send for many hunters, and they shall hunt them from every ... View more
30and wail aloud over you,
and cry bitterly.
They throw dust on their heads
and wallow in ashes;31they make themselves bald for you,
and put on sackcloth,
and t ... View more
27You shall not round off the hair on your temples or mar the edges of your beard.28You shall not make any gashes in your flesh for the dead or tattoo any marks ... View more
10When they came to the threshing floor of Atad, which is beyond the Jordan, they held there a very great and sorrowful lamentation; and he observed a time of m ... View more
2At that time I, Daniel, had been mourning for three weeks.
34Then Jacob tore his garments, and put sackcloth on his loins, and mourned for his son many days.
38When they came to the house of the leader of the synagogue, he saw a commotion, people weeping and wailing loudly.
33When Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews who came with her also weeping, he was greatly disturbed in spirit and deeply moved.