Pekah (Pee´kuh, a short form of Pekahiah, Heb., “Yah[weh] opened [the eyes]”)

The son of Remaliah, who seized the Northern Kingdom’s throne by murdering King Pekahiah, the son of Menahem. (2Kgs 15:27) assigns a twenty-year reign to Pekah, but he could hardly have ruled more than three years, ca. 735–732 BCE. He was the ally of King Rezin of Damascus, who may have supported Pekah’s usurpation of the throne. In contrast to Menahem and his son Pekahiah, who had been submissive vassals of Assyria, Pekah supported Rezin’s attempt to establish an anti-Assyrian coalition. Tyre and Philistia joined them, but Ahaz of Judah refused. A combined Aramean-Israelite army attacked Jerusalem in an attempt to replace Ahaz with a certain Tabeel, but the attempt failed (Isa 7:1-10), and Assyria soon crushed the allies. Pekah himself was murdered by Hoshea, who managed to secure Assyrian confirmation to rule over what remained of Israel.

2Kgs 15:27

Pekah Reigns over Israel
27In the fifty-second year of King Azariah of Judah, Pekah son of Remaliah began to reign over Israel in Samaria; he reigned twenty yea ... View more

Isa 7:1-10

Isaiah Reassures King Ahaz
1In the days of Ahaz son of Jotham son of Uzziah, king of Judah, King Rezin of Aram and King Pekah son of Remaliah of Israel went up ... View more

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