1 Vertical columns of wood or stone used as architectural members to hold up roof supports, whether in temples (1Kgs 7; Judg 16:25-29), palaces (Esth 1:6), or houses. 2 Memorials marking individual burials (Gen 35:20), self-commemorations (2Sam 18:18), or significant events (Gen 28:22; Gen 31:45; Gen 35:14). We read of numerous sacred pillars in Egypt (Jer 43:13, “obelisks”) and of one placed by Moses (Exod 24:4) somewhere in the wilderness. Two pillars erected at the front entrance of the Temple (1Kgs 7:15-22) were lavishly finished in both material and motifs. 3 The stone pillar representing the male deity and the lush tree or wooden post representing the female deity were standard parts of Canaanite Baalist shrine equipment. They appear to have been popular in Israel despite official condemnations (Exod 23:24; Deut 7:5; Lev 26:1) and prophetic warnings (Hos 3:4; Hos 10:2; Mic 5:13; Amos 2:7-8). 4 Meteorological or volcanic phenomena, such as the pillars of cloud or fire (Exod 13:21) that guided Israel in the wilderness and marked the door of the tent of meeting (Exod 33:9; Exod 33:10; Deut 31:15), experiences long remembered as acts of God’s gracious love (Neh 9:12-19; Ps 99:7). 5 Symbols, often of strength or support. Isaiah describes people as pillars of society (Isa 19:10), and Paul similarly refers to pillars of the church (Gal 2:9). The church itself is called the pillar of truth (1Tim 3:15).

1Kgs 7

Solomon's Palace and Other Buildings
1Solomon was building his own house thirteen years, and he finished his entire house.2He built the House of the Forest of t ... View more

Judg 16:25-29

25And when their hearts were merry, they said, “Call Samson, and let him entertain us.” So they called Samson out of the prison, and he performed for them. They ... View more

Esth 1:6

6There were white cotton curtains and blue hangings tied with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and marble pillars. There were couches of gold and ... View more

Gen 35:20

20and Jacob set up a pillar at her grave; it is the pillar of Rachel's tomb, which is there to this day.

2Sam 18:18

18Now Absalom in his lifetime had taken and set up for himself a pillar that is in the King's Valley, for he said, “I have no son to keep my name in remembrance ... View more

Gen 28:22

22and this stone, which I have set up for a pillar, shall be God's house; and of all that you give me I will surely give one tenth to you.”

Gen 31:45

45So Jacob took a stone, and set it up as a pillar.

Gen 35:14

14Jacob set up a pillar in the place where he had spoken with him, a pillar of stone; and he poured out a drink offering on it, and poured oil on it.

Jer 43:13

13He shall break the obelisks of Heliopolis, which is in the land of Egypt; and the temples of the gods of Egypt he shall burn with fire.

Exod 24:4

4And Moses wrote down all the words of the Lord. He rose early in the morning, and built an altar at the foot of the mountain, and set up twelve pillars, corres ... View more

1Kgs 7:15-22

15He cast two pillars of bronze. Eighteen cubits was the height of the one, and a cord of twelve cubits would encircle it; the second pillar was the same.16He a ... View more

Exod 23:24

24you shall not bow down to their gods, or worship them, or follow their practices, but you shall utterly demolish them and break their pillars in pieces.

Deut 7:5

5But this is how you must deal with them: break down their altars, smash their pillars, hew down their sacred poles, and burn their idols with fire.

Lev 26:1

Rewards for Obedience
1You shall make for yourselves no idols and erect no carved images or pillars, and you shall not place figured stones in your land, to wor ... View more

Hos 3:4

4For the Israelites shall remain many days without king or prince, without sacrifice or pillar, without ephod or teraphim.

Hos 10:2

2Their heart is false;
now they must bear their guilt.
The Lord! will break down their altars,
and destroy their pillars.

Mic 5:13

13and I will cut off your images
and your pillars from among you,
and you shall bow down no more
to the work of your hands;

Amos 2:7-8

7they who trample the head of the poor into the dust of the earth,
and push the afflicted out of the way;
father and son go in to the same girl,
so that my holy ... View more

Exod 13:21

21The Lord went in front of them in a pillar of cloud by day, to lead them along the way, and in a pillar of fire by night, to give them light, so that they mig ... View more

Exod 33:9

9When Moses entered the tent, the pillar of cloud would descend and stand at the entrance of the tent, and the Lord would speak with Moses.

Exod 33:10

10When all the people saw the pillar of cloud standing at the entrance of the tent, all the people would rise and bow down, all of them, at the entrance of thei ... View more

Deut 31:15

15and the Lord appeared at the tent in a pillar of cloud; the pillar of cloud stood at the entrance to the tent.

Neh 9:12-19

12Moreover, you led them by day with a pillar of cloud, and by night with a pillar of fire, to give them light on the way in which they should go.13You came dow ... View more

Ps 99:7

7He spoke to them in the pillar of cloud;
they kept his decrees,
and the statutes that he gave them.

Isa 19:10

10Its weavers will be dismayed,
and all who work for wages will be grieved.

Gal 2:9

9and when James and Cephas and John, who were acknowledged pillars, recognized the grace that had been given to me, they gave to Barnabas and me the right hand ... View more

1Tim 3:15

15if I am delayed, you may know how one ought to behave in the household of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and bulwark of the truth.

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