The process by which the seed coverings of ripe cereals such as wheat and barley are removed. After the harvest, the cut grain was spread to dry on flat, open surfaces, or threshing floors (1Chr 21:20-23
). The dried stalks were then either beaten with flails or crushed by a heavy board in which sharp stones had been embedded. The board was dragged across the threshing floor by an ox or a donkey (Deut 25:4
; 1Cor 9:9
). The husks were also loosened from the grain by slow heating, or parching, in an oven. The loosened husks, or chaff, were then separated from the grain by winnowing before the grain was ground into flour or stored in jars or granaries (Matt 3:12
20Ornan turned and saw the angel; and while his four sons who were with him hid themselves, Ornan continued to thresh wheat.21As David came to Ornan, Ornan look ... View more
4You shall not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain.
9For it is written in the law of Moses, “You shall not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain.” Is it for oxen that God is concerned?
12His winnowing fork is in his hand, and he will clear his threshing floor and will gather his wheat into the granary; but the chaff he will burn with unquencha ... View more