A distinctive dye color associated with royalty or wealth. Such dye was a product of the Syrian and Phoenician coastal zone, whose people maintained a monopoly on the item through much of history. It derived from a distinctive combination of colors acquired from gastropods that lived in Mediterranean waters of the region. Biblical references to blue and scarlet together with purple are extensive (Exod 25:4; Exod 36:35), and the colors were prized for priestly vestments in Israel’s tradition. A good wife was clothed in purple (Prov 31:22), Solomon’s palanquin seat was purple (Song 3:10), Jesus was temporarily cloaked in purple during his preexecution incarceration (Mark 15:17-20; John 19:2-5), the rich man’s clothes included purple in the parable of the rich man and Lazarus (Luke 16:19), Lydia of Thyatira was a trader of purple goods (Acts 16:14), and purple figured in the eschatological vision of a condemned harlot, who symbolizes Rome (Rev 17:4; Rev 18:12; Rev 18:16).

Exod 25:4

4blue, purple, and crimson yarns and fine linen, goats' hair,

Exod 36:35

35He made the curtain of blue, purple, and crimson yarns, and fine twisted linen, with cherubim skillfully worked into it.

Prov 31:22

22She makes herself coverings;
her clothing is fine linen and purple.

Song 3:10

10He made its posts of silver,
its back of gold, its seat of purple;
its interior was inlaid with love.
Daughters of Jerusalem,

Mark 15:17-20

17And they clothed him in a purple cloak; and after twisting some thorns into a crown, they put it on him.18And they began saluting him, “Hail, King of the Jews ... View more

John 19:2-5

2And the soldiers wove a crown of thorns and put it on his head, and they dressed him in a purple robe.3They kept coming up to him, saying, “Hail, King of the J ... View more

Luke 16:19

The Rich Man and Lazarus
19“There was a rich man who was dressed in purple and fine linen and who feasted sumptuously every day.

Acts 16:14

14A certain woman named Lydia, a worshiper of God, was listening to us; she was from the city of Thyatira and a dealer in purple cloth. The Lord opened her hear ... View more

Rev 17:4

4The woman was clothed in purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold and jewels and pearls, holding in her hand a golden cup full of abominations and the impurit ... View more

Rev 18:12

12cargo of gold, silver, jewels and pearls, fine linen, purple, silk and scarlet, all kinds of scented wood, all articles of ivory, all articles of costly wood, ... View more

Rev 18:16

16“Alas, alas, the great city,
clothed in fine linen,
in purple and scarlet,
adorned with gold,
with jewels, and with pearls!

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