Nineveh is located in Upper Mesopotamia, along the Tigris River, in the modern-day city of Mosul, Iraq. The site was settled in prehistoric times, in an agriculturally rich area located along the major trade routes of ancient Mesopotamia. King Sennacherib (704–681 B.C.E.), who is well-known in the Bible as the king who besieged Jerusalem during the reign of Hezekiah (2Kgs 18:13-19:37, Isa 36-37), moved the capital of the Neo-Assyrian Empire here. Perhaps even better known in the Bible is the story of the prophet Jonah, who was sent to preach to the people of Nineveh, a task that he tried to avoid. The book of Jonah describes the Assyrian capital as “an exceedingly large city, a three days’ walk across” (Jonah 3:3). Produced by RiddleMaps.com.